KENNEL ZARAHKKA - ENKÖPING
- Uppfödning av svensk lapphund - Breeding of Swedish Lapphund
About Breeding - see "Puppies" and "Planerad avel"
The Swedish Lapphund is the oldest of the native Swedish breeds. It is thought that it has its origins among the ancient hunting tribes of northern Scandinavia. The land that the sami people call Sampi. The sami people migrated to Scandinavia about 9000 years BC as the icecap receided. The dog was used in hunting and as a guard dog.
Archaeologists have found fossils to substantiate this theory. It has also been genetically proven that the breed is exceptionally old.
Two hundred years ago when the sami started to use reindeer as domestic animals, the Lapphund was used for herding the reindeer. The hard work and barren landscape of Northern Scandinavia has created a very resilient breed. The climate demands a coat that withstands the harsh terrain and changing weather conditions, and the work demands a dog with independence, agility, endurance and intelligence.
The evolving Swedish lapphund is today a wonderful working dog, well suited both for work as a hunting, farm and herding dog .The Lapphund is a very pleasant familydog.
It is used in dog sports and does very well in trials such as agility, obedience , working trials ,freestyle, rallyobedience and blood tracking, guarding and searching.
The Swedish Lapphund is also a great hunting dog. And is used in hunting elk, game birds, wild boar and bear. Naturally it is also used for herding reindeer and domestic farm animals.
The Swedish Lapphund is as we see an all round working dog as well as a very pleasant and companionable family dog, charismatic and beautiful. It is very loving, mentally stable, easily trained and of a hardy disposition. It is sociable and playful, courageous and inquisitive. Like other dogs of the Spitz type it needs firm handling, kindness and love. As a working dog it needs regular physical and mental stimulation.
The Swedish Lapphund is a typical Spitz. It is rectangularly built with a good carriage. Slightly under medium size.
It moves effortlessly with drive, covering ground with paralleled gait. Their coat is easily groomed. It has a double coat, a dense woolly undercoat and a top coat with hair standing straight out from the body. The fur does not smell doggy and is resistant to dirt. The colour is black or bearbrown, sometimes with white markings on the chest feet and tail.
The ideal height is 48cm for the male dog and 43cm for the bitch.
Swedish Lapphund is regarded by the insurance companies as a healthy breed of dog.
Previous DNA studies from KTH has shown that all canines, Alsatians as well the Chihuahua, have a common origin in South East Asia where wolves were tamed and became dogs. Now the same research group, in cooperation with Uppsala and Helsinki Universities, is able to show that since the dogs came to Scandinavia, some of them interbred with the Wolf.
"Dogs and wolves have lived separately throughout history. Interbreeding between them seems to have been extremely unusual, but in Scandinavia this has nevertheless taken place," says Peter Savolainen, researcher of biology at KTH.
It is among today’s Lap Dogs, the Norwegian and Swedish Elkhounds where you can see the Wolf’s interbreeding among their common ancestors, but not among other Scandinavia races.
Researchers show that Wolf interbreeding took place around 500-3,000 years ago and that the dog breeds in question have an extremely high share of Wolf DNA. This indicates that the dogs that interbred with the Wolf inherited characteristics that were advantageous in some way, and this meant that they outcompeted other dogs.
"This is merely speculation, but most likely they became more effective as hunting dogs," says Peter Savolainen.
These dog breeds, from an appearance point of view, are rather like the Wolf, but this is not necessarily due to Wolf interbreeding.
"There are other breeds of dog, for example the Siberian Husky and the Laika with a similar appearance but which do not seem to have interbred with the Wolf," says Peter Savolainen.
For more information, contact Peter Savolainen adds firstname.lastname@example.org or 08 - 55 378 335.
All the results of the research is published in the magazine Animal Genetics.
Published Jun 08, 2010
Texten hämtad från KTH News & Events
Monika Törnblom Tunviken
Steglitsvägen 2 Ekudden